Facts show Voter ID laws limit turnout


Voter ID laws have been shown to disenfranchise voters.

Brenda Gilmore 2005

Brenda Gilmore

(Editor’s note: State Rep. Brenda Gilmore shares thoughts on Times Free-Press editorial contending Voter ID laws don’t limit turnout.)

I feel compelled to express my strong disagreement with the ‘Voter ID Doesn’t Limit Turnout” editorial in the December 19 edition of the Times Free-Press. While everyone is entitled to their viewpoint, I find it difficult to believe that an editorial claiming voter ID laws do not negatively affect turnout rates can even be printed when a quick Google search will show a preponderance of studies to the contrary.

The article points out statistics on the total voter turnout rates in the state, and highlights the dramatic increase in turnout between the 2014-midterm elections and the 2016 presidential elections while ignoring the fact that there is always a significant increase in voters between midterm and presidential election years.

Furthermore, looking at voter ID requirements and their impact on overall voter turnout rates is misleading and in many ways serves to disguise the way they are specifically targeted toward marginalized and minority populations. Even the Supreme Court struck down voter ID laws in Texas and North Carolina, where legislators ruled that the state’s ID law was intentionally designed to stop African Americans from voting.

According to U.S. Census Bureau data on presidential elections from 2000 through 2016, voter turnout for registered White voters in Tennessee has been relatively consistent, but among Black voters over the same time period there has been more variation. Tennessee passed its stricter voter ID law in 2011, requiring residents to present a valid government photo ID when they show up to vote. In the subsequent election years, voter turnout has decreased among Black registered voters. The U.S.

Government Accountability Office analyzed the decrease in voter turnout in Kansas and Tennessee between 2008 and 2012. The GAO study found that the decrease was “attributable to changes in those two states’ voter ID requirements.”

There is no reliable poll to account for the number of people that choose not to vote. However, time and again it has been proven that the new voter ID laws passed in this country do, in fact, limit turnout. This isn’t simply my opinion, there are numerous studies that support this finding. One of the most compelling studies was conducted by the Washington Post: “Do voter identification laws suppress minority voting? Yes. We did the research.

According to the article, scholars have proven that racial and ethnic minorities have less access to photo IDs and their research shows no evidence of the kind of widespread voter fraud that voter ID laws are supposed to protect against. The study goes on to prove that not only is there lower turnout among minorities in states with voter ID laws, but there are also consequences along party and ideological lines. The article states:

“All else equal, when strict ID laws are instituted, the turnout gap between Republicans and Democrats in primary contests more than doubles from 4.3 points to 9.8 points. Likewise, the turnout gap between conservative and liberal voters more than doubles from 7.7 to 20.4 points.”

When it comes to voter ID laws, we have the facts. Now it is our responsibility to take the steps to make sure all legal voters can cast their ballots without any unnecessary impediments between them and their constitutional rights.